1. Research Library

        Genocide in the Age of the Nation State: Volume 2: The Rise of the West and Coming

        Mark Levene

        London: I.B.Tauris 2005

        ISBN 1845110579

      1. In this volume (the second of four) Levene argues that genocide is a product of modernity and the demands of the nation-state, going back to European colonialism from the 15th-19th centuries to chart historical instances of genocide pre-20th century. The book concludes with an analysis of 1914 and decline of the Ottoman, Chinese, Russian, and Austrian empires.